The cutting tool that need to be sharpened: reamer

Reamer is also a cutting tool that often needs to be sharpened. Its grinding method is relatively simple. Because of the higher requirement for the reamer precision, can be repaired 2-5 times generally. Before grinding the reamer, it is necessary to detect the diameter of the cutter. If the diameter is not within the required range, it can be repaired no longer. After grinding, the coating of the reamer has no coating.

The cutting tool that need to be sharpened: drill bit

The cutting tool that need to be sharpened: drill bit

Drill Bit

The drill bit is the best cutting tool for grinding.
The design should consider the need for grinding.
For preprocessing or general hole accuracy, degree of the drill bit grinding is worn at most 20 times. For high precision drilling bit, it can be sharpened 5 times.

How to solve the large wear and chipping, crushing of the chisel edge?

  1. Cause: Feed rate is too large
    Solution: Decrease feed rate, because too large feeding that will increase the cutting resistance.
  2. Cause: Point dimensions are not suitable
    Solution: Select correct point dimensions, for example: the point angle is small, but the rigidity of cutting material is big.
  3. Cause: Tool materials is not suitable
    Solution: Choose a suitable tool material that means choosing a bigger rigidity of material for making cutter.
  4. Cause: Relief angle is too small
    Solution: Increase relief angle, because too small relief angle will Increase the wear and tear of flank face.

Fine Sharpening Lathe Tool

Fine Sharpening Lathe Tool

  • (1)Fine Sharpening Flute: In order to make the shape of flute more precision, and surface roughness is finer than before, so flute should be fine sharpened after rough sharpening. The sharpening method is the same as rough sharpening.

 

  • (2)Sharpening Negative Chamfering: Negative Chamfering is commonly sharpened by end of grinding wheel, the granularity between 100# to 200#. The sharpening method as follow the figure :
 Fine Sharpening Lathe Tool Sharpening Negative Chamfering

Negative Chamfering

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The Standard Sharpening Method of Lathe Tools

The Steps of Sharpening Lathe Tool

Step 1: Sharpening the major flank face, at the same time, sharpening lip relief angle;
Step 2: Sharpening the minor flank face, at the same time, sharpening end relief angle;
Step 3: Sharpening the fake face, at the same time, sharpening point angle;
Step 4: Sharpening remained faces and the tip;

 

The Methods of Sharpening Lathe Tool

Now, PURROS Machinery takes the rough grinding carbide alloy cutter as an example, to illustrate the method of cutting tool sharpening.

1.  Rough sharpening the major flank face and the minor flank face, at the same time, major angle of declination, major lip relief angle, minor angle of declination, and minor lip relief angle also has sharpened. The angle of major lip relief angle and minor lip relief angle by rough sharpening should be bigger than requested. View Figure:

Rough sharpening the major flank face and the minor flank face

Lip Relief Angle of Shank

(a) Lip Relief Angle, behind the major flank face of shank
(b) Lip Relief Angle, behind the minor flank face of shank

 

2. Rough Sharpening Rake Face: Rake Face and Flute are sharpened at the same time, before flute is sharpened, used the end face of grinding wheel to rough sharpen, to obtain the necessary angle and surface roughness.

3. Sharpening Flute: Flute can be sharpened by edge of flat grinding wheel, as Figure shows the sharpening method. Generally, the position of rough sharpening should be began half of between flute and drill bit tip.

Sharpening Flute: Flute can be sharpened by edge of flat grinding wheel, as Figure shows the sharpening method.

Rough Sharpening Flute

(a) Sharpening Down (b) Sharpening Up